Adhd。 ADHD: Overview, characteristics, and treatments

About ADHD

Even though family stress does not cause ADHD, it can change the way the ADHD presents itself and result in additional problems such as antisocial behavior. Cognitive behavioral therapy and mindfulness-based practices have been found to be the most effective therapeutic interventions. International Consensus Statement on ADHD. Sleep problems are also common in adults with ADHD. Good treatment plans will include close monitoring, follow-ups, and making changes, if needed, along the way. Brain injury• expand• bouts of inappropriate running or climbing• Teachers are often the first to notice ADHD symptoms because they see children in a learning environment with peers every day. Adolescent girls with ADHD are also more prone to eating disorders than boys. ADHD in Adults, What the Science Says. expand• Genetics may also play a role. Oppositional defiant disorder: refusal to accept directions or authority from adults or others• ADHD is the current overarching name of the condition. Inattentive: A person with inattentive ADHD is more likely to demonstrate the following characteristics in a way that disrupt:• Often has trouble organizing tasks and activities. expand• Women are to experience difficulty with inattentive characteristics, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. As research and understanding of this condition has grown over the decades, the diagnosis name and description has evolved. expand• Fact: is often prescribed for attention deficit disorder, but it might not be the best option for your child. For information about treating ADHD and sleep problems associated with it, see and Additional Information Reviewed by Ronald Chervin, MD, MS, and by Jodi Mindell, PhD. Options to start with include getting your child into therapy, implementing and exercise plan, and modifying the home environment to minimize distractions. Constantly fidget and squirm. expand• Contrary to popular belief, the following factors do not lead to ADHD:• expand• Other children and families may benefit from additional therapy specific to problem behaviors. What makes ADHD different from other conditions is that the symptoms are excessive, pervasive, and persistent. More Information• No specific diagnostic test can identify ADHD. Some people with ADHD might have difficulty sitting still, and others may display a combination of different symptoms. Hyperactive and impulsive, but able to pay attention. ADHD medications can have many benefits, as well as side effects. Not listening or paying attention when spoken to. get at least 60 minutes of per day• expand• These questions are usually for both the person with suspected ADHD and their family or caregivers. With talk therapy, you or your child will discuss how ADHD affects your life and ways to help you manage it. To make a diagnosis, your doctor will assess any symptoms you or your child has had over the previous six months. Others have speculated that refined sugar and food additives cause ADHD symptoms. They may do blood tests to assure that overall health is not impacting on behavior. Often has trouble holding attention on tasks or play activities. expand• Doctors do not know the exact causes of ADHD. that and periodic leg movement syndrome are also common in children with ADHD. Additionally, a number of other conditions resemble ADHD. Treatments include medications, behavioral therapy, and providing teachers and caregivers with the support and tools to communicate with children who have ADHD and help them flourish. These do not qualify as different diagnoses. The recommends the following:• Treatment is important to lessen the effects of the condition. ADHD IS caused by chemical, structural, and connectivity differences in the brain, mostly as a result of genetics. Treatments include medication, various types of psychotherapy, behavioral interventions, education or training, and educational support. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional. Loses things• Up to of adults with ADHD have been found to also have depression. Major life events or traumatic experiences, such as a recent move, death of a loved one, , or. Seek out a psychiatrist, psychologist, or psychotherapist specializing in ADHD and related challenges if you would like to be evaluated for ADHD. Causes of ADHD Scientists are studying cause s and risk factors in an effort to find better ways to manage and reduce the chances of a person having ADHD. This may include allowing extra time for assignments and tests or developing a personal reward system. Impatience. There is a higher than normal incidence of learning disorders in the ADHD population, making need for academic accommodations more common. expand• have difficulty getting along with others Get information and support from the Types There are three different types of ADHD, depending on which types of symptoms are strongest in the individual:• pdf• More than 20 genetic studies have shown evidence that ADHD is strongly inherited. The symptoms you have depend on the type of ADHD you have. To help relieve any impact on learning for children, teachers can map out individual guidelines for a student with ADHD. Problems succeeding in school and successfully graduating. However, scientists have discovered a strong genetic link since ADHD can run in families. In 2011, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that the percentage of children in the United States who have ever been diagnosed with ADHD is now 9. persistent fidgeting, tapping of the hands and feet, or squirming• In researchers compared adults with , idiopathic , and AHDH and found a high percentage of symptom overlap, suggesting the possibility of ADHD misdiagnosis among adults. Pieces of a Puzzle: The Link Between Eating Disorders and ADD. Fact: Some children with ADHD are hyperactive, but many others with attention problems are not. In addition to genetics, scientists are studying other possible causes and risk factors including:• If the person meets all of the criteria for ADHD [], he or she will be diagnosed with the disorder. For some people, however, the problems are so pervasive and persistent that they interfere with every aspect of their life: home, academic, social and work. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD is a mental health disorder that can cause above-normal levels of hyperactive and impulsive behaviors. excessive talking• For children, it can be helpful to focus on writing down homework assignments and keeping everyday items, such as toys and backpacks, in assigned spots. School support: Teachers and counselors play a major role in creating education plans and employing different teaching styles to engage more actively with children who have ADHD. Low birth weight Research does not support the popularly held views that ADHD is caused by eating too much sugar, watching too much television, parenting, or social and environmental factors such as poverty or family chaos. A doctor will conduct examinations to rule out other potential causes, such as hearing or vision problems. Be unable to keep powerful emotions in check, resulting in angry outbursts or temper tantrums. an inability to remain seated• Inattention: Six or more symptoms of inattention for children up to age 16, or five or more for adolescents 17 and older and adults; symptoms of inattention have been present for at least 6 months, and they are inappropriate for developmental level:• The individual feels restless and has trouble with impulsivity. National Institute of Mental Health. Fact: Children with ADHD may do their best to be good, but still be unable to sit still, stay quiet, or pay attention. Symptoms of inattention in children Your child may:• ADHD medications are designed to affect brain chemicals in a way that enables you to better control your impulses and actions. expand• Has problems staying focused on tasks or activities, such as during lectures, conversations or long reading. Often interrupts or intrudes on others e. frequently losing items or accessories necessary for daily function• ADHD also has a strong genetic component. Is it normal kid behavior or is it ADHD? Treatment can help your child learn to manage and minimize the symptoms. ADHD throughout the lifespan Children with ADHD often experience delays in independent functioning and may behave younger than their peers. Is often easily distracted• The study found that adults with ADHD had brain scans showing significantly reduced activity throughout the brain, especially within two areas of the brain responsible for motor activity and attention capacity the premotor cortex and prefrontal cortex. When co-existing conditions are present, academic and behavioral problems, as well as emotional issues, may be more complex. family stress poverty, family conflict• Appear not to listen when spoken to. Studies show a link between cigarette smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy and children who have ADHD. finding it difficult to play or engage in activities without creating excessive noise• Depending on the diagnosis, they may also suggest making an appointment with a psychiatrist or neurologist. watching too much television• People with this combined type of ADHD display both inattentive and hyperactive symptoms. For an ADHD diagnosis, a child under 17 years of age must display six of these characteristics to a disruptive extent. expand• Types of therapy include psychotherapy, or talk therapy. ADD was the diagnostic term used in the third edition of the DSM released in 1980. being easily distracted• Smaller children may run, jump or climb constantly. However, a variety of treatments are available to minimize the symptoms of ADHD. This manual is what doctors refer to when making diagnoses for mental health conditions. , 1992; Medine et al, 2003; Barkley, 2008. S Department of Education Research: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. For more information on services for children with special needs, visit the To find the Parent Center near you, you can ADHD in Adults ADHD can last into adulthood. Confusing labels for ADHD In 1994, the name of the disorder was changed in a way that is confusing for many people. Touching or playing with everything. For example, three out of four children with ADHD have a relative with the disorder. expand• This type is most common among girls with ADHD. Disruptions in serotonin levels and activity may also play a role, particularly in affecting the modulation and regulation of the dopamine system. With the right support, your child can get on track for success in all areas of life. difficulties with holding focus on activities or tasks• Given the rate of co-occurring challenges with depression and anxiety, some adults with ADHD take additional medications to manage those conditions. Problems with relationships. Alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy• Central nervous system CNS stimulants are the most commonly prescribed ADHD medications. make careless mistakes or take unnecessary risks• expand• expand• Often, a primary care physician will refer you to a psychiatrist or psychologist specializing in mental health in these instances, just as they would refer you to a cardiologist for a more in-depth exploration of a heart problem. The quiet dreamer who sits at her desk and stares off into space. Organizations like or the provide tips for management as well as the latest research. If you have already contributed, thank you. So by the time children reach school age, those with ADHD stand out in all three behaviors: inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Neuropsychological and psychoeducational testing are also pivotal in the process of attaining academic, standardized testing, and workplace accommodations. History of the ADHD Diagnosis• There is no lab test to diagnose ADHD. eating sugar• expand• It is hard to sit still for long e. One in four people will struggle with mental health at some point in their lives. Learning more about the disorder in general can also help you learn how to manage it. The psychosocial functioning of children and spouses of adults with ADHD. But the evidence is not strong enough to conclude that they are the main causes of ADHD. Some children experience dramatic relief of symptoms with medication and this relief continues with ongoing treatment. , for a meal or while doing homework. forget or lose things a lot• Is forgetful in daily activities ADHD predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation• expand• In fact, found that treating sleep problems may be enough to eliminate attention and hyperactivity issues for some children. Children with ADHD are at risk for potentially serious problems in adolescence and adulthood: academic failure or delays, driving problems, difficulties with peers and social situations, risky sexual behavior, and substance abuse. This ability permits individuals to consider the long-term consequences of their actions and guide their behavior across time more effectively. Focus on effort and reward good behavior. Sleep disorders affect people with ADHD two to three times as often as those without it. While initially research was focused on studying hyperactive, school-aged boys, we now know that women also have ADHD. In this article, we explore the different treatments for ADHD, as well as its possible causes. Written by Michelle Frank, Psy. , at home, school or work; with friends or relatives; in other activities. The prevalence and correclates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the National Comorbidity Survey replication. What works best can depend on the child and family. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Among Children Aged 5—17 Years in the United States, 1998—2009. The worldwide prevalence of ADHD: A systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Research is ongoing as to what causes these characteristics, but recent research has illustrated the links between ADHD and premature birth, , and smoking during pregnancy, and low birth weight. exposure to lead or pesticides in early childhood• infographic. Self-management, education programs and assistance through schools or work or alternative treatment approaches Related Conditions Around of children with ADHD also have another condition. They may try to do several things at once, bouncing around from one activity to the next. expand• expand• Teens with ADHD present a special challenge. expand• There are without sacrificing the natural energy, playfulness, and sense of wonder unique in every child. But inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity are also signs of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD , sometimes known as attention deficit disorder or ADD. Findings indicate that people with ADHD have less gray matter volume. For more information on CDC's web notification policies, see. Often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly. Abnormal Psychology, 117 4 , 869-880. Psychiatry Investigations, 9 3 , 269-277. To manage symptoms of ADHD, schedule or snacks every three hours and cut back on junk and sugary food. Often loses things needed for tasks or daily life, such as school papers, books, keys, wallet, cell phone and eyeglasses. The following factors are NOT known causes, but can make ADHD symptoms worse for some children:• Fact: Children with ADHD are often able to concentrate on activities they enjoy. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 164 6 , 942-948. a small but significant link with low birth weight, as this puts forward• from TVs, computers, phones, and other electronics• As with anything else, no two people with ADHD are exactly the same and everyone experiences ADHD in their own way. speech• Children with ADHD may require more supervision than their peers. As a result, others may start to view the child as disrespectful, weird, or needy. While a range of medications is available, the most common types are stimulants. Effective treatment for ADHD also includes education, behavior therapy, support at home and school, exercise, and proper nutrition. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. expand• With treatment, people with ADHD can be successful in school, work and lead productive lives. , butts into conversations or games In addition, the following conditions must be met:• Becoming bored with a task quickly. But when the task is repetitive or boring, they quickly tune out. Symptoms may look different at older ages, for example, hyperactivity may appear as extreme restlessness. suggests that a reduction in. Functional Impairment and Occupational Outcome in Adults with ADHD. Struggling to follow directions. , Lawrence Robinson, and Jeanne Segal, Ph. As with all medicines, children taking these drugs must be carefully monitored by their parents and doctors. More than of children with ADHD still exhibit symptoms as adults. The names of various diagnoses have changed over the years in through as series of revisions to the manual as research has improved and new information has come to light. Think of what the school setting requires children to do: Sit still. ADHD is linked with emotional problems, higher rates of drug and alcohol abuse, and poor performance at school and work. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, with ADHD receive a diagnosis during elementary school. According to the , several symptoms are required to be present before the age of 12. expand• Getting the each night based on age Get Help! expand• Medication is often used to help normalize brain activity and must be carefully prescribed and monitored by a physician, preferably a psychiatrist and not a primary care physician. Genetics Several genes have been linked to ADHD, which is highly hereditable. Often interrupt others; say the wrong thing at the wrong time. Behavioral therapy• National Institute of Mental Health: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. expand• ADHD: Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment. Importantly for children with ADHD, it also leads to , which in turn can reduce the symptoms of ADHD.。

ADHD in Children

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ADHD: Overview, characteristics, and treatments

ADHD: Overview, characteristics, and treatments

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About ADHD

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ADHD: The Facts

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ADHD: Overview, characteristics, and treatments

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About ADHD

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